The growth of human-computer interactions in recent times has been spurred by the proliferation of mobile and other forms of technological diversification, such as voice-based and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. Add to that the development of technological competency, and there is a clear demand for creating a tool capable of giving man-machine interactions a more human-like quality. This has established Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) as a technology encompassing various disciplines, including cognitive engineering, linguistics, and neuroscience.
Currently, the primary focus of such interaction is the design, implementation, and evaluation of interactive user interfaces that are intended to improve users’ experience when interacting with computing equipment. This blog’ll delve deeper into understanding human-computer interaction, its seven key principles, and its importance.
What is Human-Computer Interaction?
Human-computer interaction is a field of study that aims to improve how users and computers communicate through the development of user-friendly, interactive computer interfaces. Computer science, behavioral sciences, cognitive science, ergonomics, psychology, and design principles are some topics covered in this multidisciplinary field.
Human-Computer Interaction Examples
Speech Recognition Technology
It is used in products like Apple’s Siri, Microsoft’s Cortana, Google Assistant, and Amazon’s Alexa to allow users to communicate with their automobiles, devices, and other objects. Speech recognition and HCI work together to improve man-machine interactions and give devices the best possible understanding of user orders and inquiries.
It determines where a person looks depending on where they are directing their gaze. Eye-tracking technology relies on cameras to detect the user’s gaze and on certain internal lights to improve visibility. As a result, businesses can stay updated on how their staff members perform their duties by using eye-tracking technology and HCI-enabled interactions.
What is the Importance of HCI?
Let’s get a better understanding of the importance of HCI:
HCI in Daily Lives
Technology has affected daily activities and seeped into every individual’s routine life. You do not need to own or use a computer or smartphone to experience HCI technology. People usually come into contact with HCI when they use an ATM, a vending machine that sells food, or a snack machine. It plays a crucial role in creating such effective interfaces.
HCI in Industry
Such interaction is frequently seen as a crucial business-driving force in industries that depend on computing technology for daily operations. Systems with effective design ensure workers feel at ease utilizing them for daily tasks.
Designing safety systems requires a strong understanding of HCI. In these instances, the goal of HCI is to ensure that any non-expert person can use the system and handle safety-critical situations if necessary.
What are the Types of HCI?
The progression of technology has resulted in the emergence of various tools, gadgets, and devices equipped with more advanced human-computer interaction technologies. Examples are wearable systems, voice assistants, health monitors, and smart TVs. The different types of HCI are as follows:
Companies in a variety of industries are using remote task forces today. By utilizing cloud-based SaaS services, an employee can access data on the cloud from any physical location. Such virtual environments optimize operations without affecting productivity and support seamless communication with remote workers across industry verticals. The concept of traditional offices will eventually become obsolete because of SaaS and HCI.
Immersive technologies such as Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) enable humans to interact with the digital environment, making them more productive in their daily activities. As a result, the combination of AR/VR technology and HCI ensures that tasks will be finished with fewer errors while achieving higher accuracy and quality. Currently, research in HCI is focusing on other areas, such as brain-computer interfaces and sentiment analysis, to improve the AR and VR experience for users.
The devices and apps of the IoT have had a tremendous impact on our day-to-day life. When users engage with such gadgets, the devices typically capture data about those interactions. These may then be used to understand the various patterns of user interaction. IoT organizations have the ability to make crucial business decisions, which may eventually determine their future revenues and profitability.
What are the 7 Principles of Human-Computer Interaction?
Many laws have been established in the field of human-computer interaction by researchers and designers. These cover a wide range, including general standards, design principles, and guidance.
Let’s take a look at some of the most important guidelines for HCI.
People of varying capacities can use and maybe profit from the design.
Flexibility in Use
The layout is adaptable to a diverse range of people’s choices and capabilities.
Simple and Intuitive Use
Regardless of the user’s prior experience, level of education, linguistic ability, or current concentration level, it is simple to comprehend how to use the design.
The design efficiently conveys vital information to the user, regardless of their sensory capabilities or the operating environment.
Tolerance for Error
The layout reduces the likelihood of potential dangers and the unfavorable effects resulting from inadvertent or unplanned activities.
Low Physical Effort
Users can effectively use the layout while minimizing both discomfort and tiredness in the process.
Size & Space for Approach & Use
Regardless of the user’s body size, posture, or mobility, the space and dimensions supplied for approach, reach, manipulation, and use are appropriate for those activities.
The Goal of HCI
The primary goal of human-computer interaction, or HCI, is to build functional systems that end users will find to be usable, safe, and effective. Here is a list of the objectives that should be achieved through human-computer interaction.
- A comprehensive understanding of the user interfaces for computing systems
- Develop methods, approaches, and resources that will tailor system access to users’ specific requirements
- Adjusting, testing, improving, and verifying the system to ensure that users can communicate or interact with the system in an efficient manner
Future Scope of Human-Computer Interaction
Let’s have a look at the potential applications of HCI in the future.
Dexta Haptic Gloves
The creation of Dexta Haptic Gloves represents a recent advancement in this area of research and development. These VR gloves can sense and process touch metrics such as surface hardness, surface softness, and other similar characteristics. These gloves can memorize the movements of the user’s fingers by locking and unlocking the finger joints. This happens while the user engages in activities within a virtual reality setting. In the long run, the gloves will be able to recreate the collected data of different degrees of sensations in the real world.
Paper ID is another innovation in the field of human-computer interaction. It uses touchscreen technology, recognizes different hand motions, and connects to other IoT devices. In its most basic form, it digitizes the paper. And performs tasks in accordance with gestures by concentrating on the many man-machine interaction characteristics.
Is it Worth Taking a Human-Computer Interaction Course?
If you want to position yourself for a successful career in this emerging field, one of the initial steps you can take is to earn a degree in human-computer interaction. For one, you will obtain the skills necessary to prepare you for a profession that involves human-computer interaction. For the other, you will have a marketable degree to potential hirers. You can start to upskill in the field of human-computer interaction and develop your career in this industry by enrolling in the technology courses offered by Emeritus.
By Riku Ghosh
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