What Is Computer Security?
Computer security is the umbrella moniker under which different types of computer-related security find cover. Computer security, according to Britannica, protects computer systems and information from harm, theft, and unauthorized use. Serial numbers, doors and locks, and alarms are commonly used to protect computer hardware, as they are for other valuable or sensitive equipment. On the other hand, information and system access are protected using various tactics, some of which are pretty complex.
There are 4 types of computer security:
- Cyber Security
- Information Security
- Application Security
- Network Security
Core Principles of Computer Security:
- Availability: Information and systems must always be available to authorized users when required.
- Integrity: Information must not be altered from its original state to retain its integrity.
- Confidentiality: Sensitive or confidential information must be kept private and accessible only to authorized users.
Why Is Computer Security Important?
Computer security is essentially the protection and preservation of computing systems and their information. It is vital for various reasons, such as:
- For preserving company assets - Company assets include information stored in computer networks, which is just as important and valuable as the company's physical assets.
- To comply with governing requirements and moral responsibilities, each organization develops policies and procedures that address the organization's security needs.
- To gain a competitive advantage - Financial services and e-commerce place a premium on network security.
- To aid in the reduction of the increasing volume and sophistication of cyber security threats - Threats of this type include targeted phishing scams, data theft, and the exploitation of other network vulnerabilities.
In addition, it aids in the execution of essential business processes and protects confidential and sensitive data. However, only 10% of security safeguards are technical. The remaining 90% depends on good computing practices followed by users.
Can I Learn About Computer Security Online?
Yes, learning about computer security through an online computer security course is a great option. Online courses for computer security are flexible and accommodating, often offered by renowned global schools. One of the essential skills that every computer science student should have is knowledge of computer security. People with a good understanding of computer security have a better chance of securing a position in their desired role, increasing their employability.
With so many computer security positions available, having the right skills can help you land the desired job. Begin developing your technical and workplace skills through online courses, boot camps, or self-study to prepare for a cybersecurity role.
Essential Skills for Computer Security:
- Cloud Security
- Programming (mainly scripting) languages
- Risk assessment
- Intrusion detection
- Analytical thinking
According to a study by Burning Glass on computer security hiring, more than half of all computer security job postings require at least one certification. Unfortunately, there are over 300 different certifications, and the quality isn't always consistent. If you're new to cybersecurity, consider starting with a more basic certification, such as the CompTIA Security+. Then, you can begin gaining the work experience required to earn more advanced certifications.
What Kind of Career Can I Pursue With a Background in Computer Security?
Most computer security professionals begin their careers in entry-level IT positions.
Most common entry-level jobs in the world of computer security are:
- Information security specialist
- Digital forensic examiner
- Computer forensic specialist
- Cyber forensic specialist
- Digital forensics analyst
- IT auditor
- Internal IT auditor
- Security auditor
- Information security analyst
- Related job titles: Cybersecurity analyst
- IT security analyst
- Information security specialist
- Cybersecurity specialist
As you gain experience in computer security, several paths for advancement into more specialized roles may open up.
Roles Available for Mid-level and Advanced Cybersecurity Professionals:
- Security Engineer
- Cybersecurity engineer
- Network security engineer
- Information security engineer
- Security Architect
- Cybersecurity architect
- Information security architect
- Cryptography engineer
- Cryptography engineer
- Security systems administrator
- Security administrator
- Cybersecurity administrator
- Information security officer
- Penetration tester
- White hat hacker
- Ethical hacker
- Vulnerability assessor
Many security jobs require a Bachelor's degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field. However, while degrees are common among computer security professionals, they are not always required. More than half of computer security professionals believe computer security education is unnecessary. Around 20% only have an associate or technical degree. A Bachelor's or Master's degree can frequently lead to more job opportunities. It gives you a competitive advantage in the cybersecurity job market.
Why Take an Online Course at Emeritus?
Each Emeritus online course is designed keeping key learning outcomes in mind by a team of experts. We use the backward design methodology to develop instruction for learners of all ages. This enables us to craft unique, interactive, learning experiences that include a combination of assessments, hands-on activities, skill application, and more.
Emeritus also collaborates with the best universities and faculty around the world to curate the course curriculum that can effectively tackle present challenges in the industry, while preparing you for the trends and risks in the future. Our courses consist of assignments, exams, capstone projects, networking opportunities, a fine balance of practical and theoretical concepts, and the opportunity to learn from top minds in the industry. This adds to the holistic experience we try to provide for each learner.
We are also focused on providing courses that are standardized in quality. This is done by adhering to standards set by a global organization called Quality Matters which is focused on providing quality standards for online and innovative digital teaching and learning environments. The rigorous criteria ensure all our learners invest in quality education that is easily accessible and affordable.