What are the Best LLMs Available in India?

What are the Best LLMs Available in India? | Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning | Emeritus

Have you ever asked Alexa to play your favorite song? Have you relied on Google Maps to navigate through traffic? Ever wondered why Netflix knows just the right show to recommend? Artificial intelligence is behind these conveniences, so much so that it has become omnipresent in our daily lives. In tandem with the world, the AI market is growing in India as well. In fact, it is projected to reach $17 billion by 2027, projected to grow at an annual rate of 25% to 35% between 2024 and 2027, according to IT industry body Nasscom and consulting firm BCG. 

As a result, Natural Language Processing (NLP), a vital subfield of artificial intelligence, is also witnessing significant growth. The NLP market size in India is expected to reach $1.29 billion by 2024, leading to a market volume of $5.56 billion by 2030. Given this scenario, how do  Large Language Models (LLMs) come into the picture? What do they have to do with AI or NLP? How do they work? And moreover, what are the 10 best LLMs in use in India today? Let’s find out.  

What are LLMs?

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Large Language Models (LLMs) have recently surged in popularity thanks to their role in generative AI, bringing them to the forefront of public attention. And this shift began with the introduction of ChatGPT, which made LLMs a topic of everyday conversation. So, while they were previously obscure, LLMs are now recognized for their extensive usage across various fields. They are widely used by professionals and other users to enhance productivity and creativity.

But what exactly are LLMs? In essence, LLMs are a subset of AI models trained on massive datasets. These models are designed to understand and generate human-like text and other forms of content. They leverage deep learning techniques and large volumes of data to perform various tasks. LLMs operate based on billions of parameters, which allow them to capture intricate patterns in language and perform a wide range of tasks, including text generation, summarization, and translation.

To out it simply, LLMs leverage advanced deep learning architectures, such as transformers, which enable the models to process sequential data efficiently. During training, LLMs learn to predict the next word in a sentence based on the context provided by the preceding words. This is achieved by breaking down text into smaller sequences called tokens and transforming these tokens into numerical representations called embeddings. The training process involves a vast corpora of text, allowing LLMs to understand grammar, semantics, and complex relationships within the data.

In short, here are some functions/uses of LLMs:

  • Text Generation: Crafting emails, blog posts, and other content
  • Content Summarization: Condensing long articles and reports
  • Conversational AI: Enhancing chatbots and virtual assistants
  • Code Generation: Assisting developers in coding tasks
  • Sentiment Analysis: Analyzing text to gauge customer sentiment
  • Language Translation: Providing accurate translations across languages

ALSO READ: What is Deep Learning? Applications and Emerging Trends in 2024

The 10 Best LLMs 

Let’s look at some of the best 10 LLMs in use in India right now:

1. GPT-4o

Year of release: 2024

Developed by: OpenAI

GPT-4o is one of the best LLMs released by OpenAI, offering significant advancements in performance and capabilities. In summary, this model processes text, audio, image, and video inputs and generates text, audio, and image outputs. It matches the performance of GPT-4 Turbo in English text and code while surpassing it in non-English languages.

GPT-4o responds to audio inputs in just 232 milliseconds, averaging 320 milliseconds, making interactions with AI more natural. Its integrated architecture processes all inputs and outputs through the same neural network, maintaining context and coherence. Benchmarks show that GPT-4o excels in text generation, reasoning, coding, and multilingual tasks. It’s therefore hardly any wonder that this versatile model is set to revolutionize how developers use large language models in various applications, cementing its place as one of the best LLMs available.

2. Claude 3

Year of release: 2024

Developed by: Anthropic

Claude 3, developed by Anthropic, has become a leading name among the best LLMs. It includes three variations: Claude 3 Opus, Claude 3 Sonnet, and Claude 3 Haiku. Claude 3 Opus has outperformed GPT-4 in key benchmarks. This model excels in reasoning tests, multilingual understanding, and vision tasks. Notably, Claude 3 Opus displayed meta-awareness during testing, recognizing it was being evaluated. Also, its high accuracy in academic-level multiple-choice tests highlights its advanced cognitive abilities. While some experts argue its self-awareness is mimicked behavior, Claude 3’s human-like responses and performance make it a stand-out in the field of large language models. Its applications in natural language processing and text generation underscore its utility and sophistication.

3. Grok-1

Year of release: 2023

Developed by: xAI

Grok-1, created by Elon Musk’s xAI, is a groundbreaking model with 314 billion parameters, making it one of the best LLMs out there currently. This large language model uses a Mixture-of-Experts (MoE) architecture, activating only part of its parameters per input to enhance efficiency.

The model’s open-source release under the Apache 2.0 license democratizes access to advanced AI capabilities. Grok-1 outperforms many models, including GPT-3.5, in benchmarks such as GEM8K, MMLU, and HumanEval. Despite its substantial hardware requirements, its performance in reasoning, coding, and multilingual tasks makes it a pivotal tool for advancing artificial intelligence. Now, a new and upgraded version, Grok 1.5 has been announced by Elon Musk, and hopefully it will be available soon. 

4. PaLM 2

Year of release: 2023

Developed by: Google

PaLM 2 is Google’s next-generation language model, excelling in multilingual, reasoning, and coding tasks. It represents a significant leap in large language models, integrating compute-optimal scaling, improved dataset mixture, and advanced architecture.

In short, PaLM 2 handles complex reasoning, translation, and text generation with high proficiency. Its pretraining on diverse datasets, including webpages and source code, enhances its capabilities in numerous programming languages. Furthermore, Google has rigorously evaluated PaLM 2 for potential harms and biases, ensuring responsible AI deployment. Moreover, its superior performance in multilingual tasks and advanced reasoning make it a leading choice among the best LLMs. 

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5. Falcon 180B

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Year of release: 2023

Developed by: Technology Innovation Institute

Falcon 180B emerged from the Technology Innovation Institute as one of the best LLMs available. To elaborate, this model features 180 billion parameters, enabling it to outperform many other models, including GPT-3.5 and LLaMA 2. Furthermore, researchers have praised Falcon 180B for excelling in tasks such as reasoning, question answering, and coding. Among the best LLMs today, its large parameter count and advanced architecture contribute significantly to its impressive capabilities. Many researchers and developers have highlighted its efficiency and accuracy, making it a valuable tool in natural language processing and text generation. Therefore, Falcon 180B stands out as a versatile and powerful model in the field of large language models.

6. Stable LM 2

Year of release: 2024

Developed by: Stability AI

Stability AI released Stable LM 2 in early 2024. It includes models with 1.6 billion and 12 billion parameters. Furthermore, Stable LM 2’s smaller size combined with high performance makes it particularly attractive for data engineers and researchers. Also, many professionals appreciate its efficiency in handling complex tasks, marking it as among some of the best LLMs to use. Its contributions to deep learning and text generation reflect Stability AI’s commitment to innovation and excellence in artificial intelligence.

7. Gemini 1.5

Year of release: 2024

Developed by: Google DeepMind

Gemini 1.5, an advanced model from Google DeepMind, offers unprecedented capabilities among large language models. It features a context window of one million tokens, the largest to date. This substantial context window allows Gemini 1.5 to process extensive data inputs effectively.

Moreover, its significant upgrade over previous models makes it ideal for large-scale applications in various industries. In fact, Gemini 1.5 excels in multilingual tasks, reasoning, and text generation, making it a highly relevant tool for developers and researchers.   

8. Llama 3

Year of release: 2024

Developed by: Meta AI

Llama 3, developed by Meta AI, is a great addition to the world of large language models. It comes in two versions: 8 billion and 70 billion parameters. Notably, both versions outperform many open-source models, demonstrating superior performance in benchmarks.

Moreover, Llama 3 is free for research and commercial use, making it accessible and valuable for developers. This model’s high performance in reasoning, coding, and multilingual tasks underscores its utility. Therefore, Llama 3 is widely recognized as among the best LLMs currently, contributing significantly to deep learning and natural language processing.

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9. Mixtral 8x22B

Year of release: 2024

Developed by: Mistral AI

Mixtral 8x22B, Mistral AI’s latest model, features a sparse Mixture-of-Experts (SMoE) architecture with 141 billion total parameters. This model uses only 39 billion active parameters per input, optimizing its performance-to-cost ratio. Many researchers and developers have found Mixtral 8x22B particularly useful in tasks requiring advanced reasoning and text generation. Its efficiency and effectiveness make it a powerful tool and one of the best LLMs for various applications.

10. Inflection-2.5

Year of Release: 2024

Developed by: Inflection AI

Inflection-2.5, developed by Inflection AI, has made significant strides in the field of large language models. This model achieves over 94% of GPT-4’s average performance with only 40% of the training FLOPs.

Researchers have praised Inflection-2.5 for its high performance in multilingual tasks, reasoning, and text generation. Its efficiency does not compromise its capabilities, making it a top choice for various applications. 

Frequently Asked Questions About LLMs

1. How are Large Language Models Transforming the Data Landscape in India?

Large language models are revolutionizing data processing in India by automating text generation, content summarization, and language translation. Also, they enhance conversational AI, enabling more efficient customer service and decision-making processes.

2. What are the Key Features to Look for in an In-Demand Language Model in India?

The best LLMs have the following key features: the model’s parameters, processing speed, accuracy, and versatility. Additionally, models that support multilingual capabilities and have robust governance practices are highly valued.

3. How Can Data Scientists and Data Engineers Leverage Large Language Models for Better Insights?

Data scientists and engineers can use large language models to automate data analysis, generate insights from large datasets, and improve the accuracy of predictions. Furthermore, these models also assist in developing advanced NLP applications.

4. What are the Challenges and Opportunities Associated With Implementing These Models in India?

Challenges include ensuring data privacy, managing the computational costs, and addressing biases in the models. However, the opportunities lie in enhancing operational efficiency, improving customer experiences, and driving innovation across industries.

ALSO READ: How to Become an AI Scientist? Learn Top 8 Skills for This Role

India’s AI market is experiencing rapid growth, positioning the country as a significant player in the global technology landscape. For example, Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries Ltd., in collaboration with top engineering schools, plans to launch Hanooman, India’s first ChatGPT-style service. Furthermore, tech giants such as Microsoft and Amazon are investing substantially in India’s computing infrastructure. Notably, the Indian government is also backing the AI revolution with a $1.25 billion investment in artificial intelligence projects. This funding will enhance computing infrastructure, support AI startups, and develop AI applications for the public sector.

Thus, in summary, India’s AI market is clearly thriving, supported by substantial investments from both the private sector and the government. The nation’s focus on building robust large language models and expanding computing infrastructure positions it as a leading hub for artificial intelligence. This technology is here to stay, and as it continues to evolve, its impact on various industries will only grow. For those looking to delve deeper into the best LLMs and other branches of AI and machine learning, Emeritus offers comprehensive artificial intelligence courses and machine learning courses that can help you stay ahead in this dynamic field.

Write to us at content@emeritus.org

About the Author

Content Writer, Emeritus Blog
Sanmit is unraveling the mysteries of Literature and Gender Studies by day and creating digital content for startups by night. With accolades and publications that span continents, he's the reliable literary guide you want on your team. When he's not weaving words, you'll find him lost in the realms of music, cinema, and the boundless world of books.
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