Why is the Rust Programming Language Becoming Popular Among Coders?

Why is the Rust Programming Language Becoming Popular Among Coders? | Information Technology | Emeritus

It is no secret that every firm is undergoing a digital transformation today. As a result, they are always on the lookout for coders to develop reliable software. Many programming languages are flourishing because of a growing demand. The Rust programming language is a good example in this category. The language is the 14th most popular technology, as per the Stack Overflow Developer survey in 2023. Furthermore, a glance at the survey from 2022 reveals that Rust’s popularity grew by 4% from 9.32% in 2021 to 13.05% in 2022. It is likely to grow in stature in the future. So, let’s examine the reasons behind its popularity and how Rust adoption in tech startups can be a driving force for growth.

What is Rust and How Does it Differ From Other Programming Languages?

The Rust programming language is unique as it focuses on performance, memory safety, and concurrence. A systems programming language developed by Mozilla Research in 2010, it is also particularly useful in systems programming and performance-intensive domains. 

Many usually compare the Rust programming language to C and C++, but it serves as an alternative to these languages. Here are some key differences with the best programming languages out there:

1. C

Rust provides memory safety through a system of ownership, making it less prone to memory-related bugs than C. In other words, it does not need a garbage collector. 

2. C++

A developer can facilitate easier concurrency features in Rust compared to C++. Moreover, developers control system resources without compromising safety.

3. Java/Python

A key difference between the Rust programming language and Java/Python is that Rust is compiled while Java and Python are interpreted.

In short, Rust is one of the best programming languages because of several factors like ease of use and modern syntax, which we will examine in the following section.

ALSO READ: What is the Difference Between C and C++? Top 5 Distinctions and Features

The Rust programming language is a compelling choice for a wide range of purposes, such as systems programming and web development, among others. Many Rust features help developers achieve optimum performance, which drives productivity. Let’s take a look at some of them:

1. Memory Safety

This is at the forefront among other Rust features. A developer can eliminate memory-related vulnerabilities like buffer overflows and dangling pointers through its ownership and borrowing system. It results in fewer crashes, bugs, and security exploits.

2. Concurrency 

A developer can ensure thread safety by preventing data races or deadlocks through Rust. It is easy to navigate concurrency and parallelism. A developer can thus write concurrent code to build scalable web applications and distributed systems.

3. Performance

Rust’s performance is exemplary due to which it can achieve speeds comparable to C and C++ without compromising on safety. Hence, it is suitable for performance-critical applications like game engines, embedded systems, and network protocols.

4. Ease of Use

The language is ergonomic with the help of modern language features that facilitate concise and readable code. A developer enjoys support for multiple programming paradigms in Rust. It also provides pattern-matching capabilities to ensure clarity in code.

5. Handling Errors

Rust follows a strong approach to handling errors through its Result and Option types. It offers explicit error messages so a coder can reduce the likelihood of runtime errors. It allows them to write more reliable and predictable code. Thus, Rust adoption in tech startups has been increasing by the day. 

6. Vibrant Support

Rust has a thriving ecosystem with a rich collection of libraries, frameworks, and tools for various domains. For instance, it offers Rustup for managing toolchains, various IDE integrations, and a Cargo package manager.

ALSO READ: An Expert’s Guide to Top 10 Programming Languages in India for 2024

How Can Learning the Rust Programming Language Benefit Entrepreneurs and Their Startups?

There are several benefits of learning Rust for programmers and entrepreneurs alike. Not only is it among the highest-paying programming languages, but it is also handy in providing scalable solutions. Here’s how Rust can be leveraged:

1. Fewer Crashes

The Rust programming language generates code that often rivals C and C++ in speed. It allows startups to deliver reliable solutions using zero-cost abstractions and control over memory allocation in performance-sensitive domains like gaming, finance, or intensive systems.

2. Improved Safety 

Rust does not sacrifice safety on the altar of performance. It can reduce the likelihood of bugs, crashes, and security vulnerabilities in the software by preventing common attacks like buffer overflows and dangling pointers. This, in turn, protects user data. 

3. Offers Scalability

One of the benefits of learning Rust is that its concurrency features allow systematic handling of parallel tasks. It is, thus, easier to build applications like distributed systems and web servers that can handle growing traffic or complex calculations.

4. Works Across Platforms

Rust is compatible across different platforms, enabling startups to develop applications that run consistently across various operating systems and architectures. There is support for multiple programming paradigms in Rust, which can streamline the development process.

5. Community Support

Entrepreneurs can leverage a wealth of libraries, frameworks, tools, and resources created by the community to accelerate development, solve common problems, and learn from others’ experiences.

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Is Rust a Suitable Choice for Building Scalable and High-Performance Applications?

Coding Language

There is a genuine case to be made for Rush adoption in tech startups because it is a worthy fit for building scalable applications. We explore how:

1. Concurrency

It is convenient to let Rust handle concurrency with its ownership system and channels, as coders can write concurrent code without introducing concurrency bugs like data races. Hence, it is ideal for building applications that handle many concurrent requests or tasks efficiently.

​​2. Zero-Cost Abstractions

It is important to remember that Rust’s compiler optimizes code aggressively, allowing developers to write high-performance code without affecting safety. A developer also enjoys fine-grained control over system resources and memory management.

3. Minimal Runtime

The programming language has a very small runtime environment. It means that developers can benefit from faster start-up times and lower resource consumption, especially compared to languages with larger runtimes like Java.

4. Compatibility

The language is portable and compatible across multiple platforms so a developer can run an application written in Rust on various operating systems and architectures efficiently. It thus becomes easy to scale applications across different environments.

Are There Any Downsides or Challenges When Learning and Using Rust?

Rust may be one of the highest-paying programming languages, but it may be challenging to become familiar with the language initially. It is the first of many other issues with the language.

1. Steep Learning Curve

It is typically time-consuming for developers to master Rust, especially those who are unfamiliar with systems programming languages.

2. Dealing With Errors

It can be overwhelming to deal with Rust’s detailed error messages. It requires coders to possess a deep understanding of the language’s ownership system to resolve these errors.

3. Compile Times

Furthermore, it takes longer to compile code than other languages like Python. This is the result of placing strong emphasis on safety and performance.

4. Lack of Maturity

Some areas of Rust may lack mature tooling compared to established languages such as Python or JavaScript despite a series of libraries and tools.

ALSO READ: A Coding Language List for Every Type of Coder: What’s Your Pick?

Based on the above details, a developer familiar with Rust will likely have a bright career. There is also a growing demand for developers who are fluent in Rust, which will surely cause a rise in salaries for coders. Emeritus offers various courses for those looking to become a professional coder. These courses are designed by industry experts to offer practical insights into the world of coding. Sign up for Emeritus’ IT courses and take the first step toward a flourishing career!

Write to us at content@emeritus.org

About the Author

Content Writer, Emeritus Blog
Mitaksh has an extensive background in journalism, focusing on various beats, including technology, education, and the environment, spanning over six years. He has previously actively monitored telecom, crypto, and online streaming developments for a notable news website. In his leisure time, you can often find Mitaksh at his local theatre, indulging in a multitude of movies.
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