An Expert’s Guide to Top 10 Programming Languages in India for 2024

An Expert's Guide to Top 10 Programming Languages in India for 2024 | Information Technology | Emeritus

It is no secret that the pandemic has ushered an uptick in businesses adopting technology. Hence, coding is one of the most coveted skills in the market right now. With over a thousand languages out there, separating the top programming languages 2024 from the chaff is critical. We know about languages like Python, SQL (Sequential Query Language), and Javascript, but there are several options to consider in 2024. Not to mention that you can improve your chances of employment if you have a grasp of multiple programming languages.

The digital landscape is evolving rapidly, so it becomes crucial to understand the scope of top programming languages 2024 that are in demand.



In this blog, we will be covering the following:

  1. What are the Top Programming Languages Expected to Be in Demand in 2024?
    1. JavaScript
    2. Python
    3. Java
    4. Kotlin
    5. Swift
    6. C &C++
    7. PHP
    8. Go
    9. R
    10. C#
  2. Frequently Asked Questions About Top Programming Languages 2024

ALSO READ: Is Coding a Good Career and Will It Stay Relevant in the Future?

What are the Top Programming Languages 2024 That are Expected to Be in Demand?

We can think of programming languages as a communication system humans use to instruct a computer. It is a set of rules and symbols which allows programmers to write code. The computer interprets and executes this code. The following are the top programming languages 2024:

1. JavaScript

  • According to a developer survey by Stack Overflow, JavaScript is the most popular programming language worldwide
  • It is known as the bedrock of interactive web pages
  • Its demand is driven by companies involved in e-commerce, advertising, and entertainment, the post explained

2. Python

  • Guido van Rossum created Python in the late 1980s, with its structure similar to the language of humans. It ranks second among the top programming languages 2024
  • The language is popular for its extensive web development libraries and frameworks
  • It has a variety of use cases, such as scientific computing, scripting, game development, data analysis, Internet of Things (IoT), and machine learning, among others
  • Many industries, such as finance, healthcare, and technology, are always looking for Python developers

3. Java

4. Kotlin

  • It is a modern language that runs on Java Virtual Machine (JVM)
  • One of the reasons behind its popularity is Google. The company endorsed Kotlin for Android app development in 2017, which ensures that it will always remain in demand since Android is the biggest operating system in the world
  • It is easy to read and write code in Kotlin because its syntax is more concise than Java
  • It allows developers to share code between Android and iOS applications, reducing development effort for cross-platform projects

5. Swift

  • Swift was introduced by Apple in 2014 as a replacement for Objective-C, which had been the primary language for iOS and macOS app development
  • It is essential for iOS app development, and India has a growing community of iOS developers. Apple’s rising market share in India indicates that there will be a consistent demand for developers fluent in Swift

6. C and C++

  • C is a programming language developed at Bell Labs in the early 1970s. It is one of the most influential programming languages in the history of computer science
  • It has use cases in various domains, including system programming, embedded systems, operating system development, game development, and scientific computing
  • C and C++ are related programming languages, but they are not the same. C++ is an extension of the C programming language with additional features and capabilities
  • It delivers high performance, and developers use it in performance-critical applications like game development and system programming

7. PHP

  • PHP stands for “Hypertext Preprocessor” and is a scripting language used for web development
  • As an open-source language, it enables developers to create dynamic and interactive web applications
  • PHP serves server-side scripting, meaning the code runs on the web server rather than the user’s web browser
  • It runs on various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux. PHP is suitable for various web development tasks, from creating websites to developing complex web applications, e-commerce platforms, and content management systems

8. Go

  • Go, often known as “Golang,” is a programming language created at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson
  • It is easy to read and write code in Go because it is clean and minimalistic. Developers build web servers and web applications with its code
  • It’s highly useful for network programming tasks such as handling network protocols, building network applications, etc

9. R

  • R is a programming language that counts statistical computing and data analysis as its primary use cases
  • As a matter of fact, it is popular among statisticians, data scientists, researchers, and analysts
  • They use it to perform various data-related tasks, including data visualization, statistical modeling, machine learning, and more
  • It is handy for Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA), data cleaning, and data preparation for further analysis

10. C#

  • C#, pronounced as C Sharp, is not to be confused with C and C++.  It is a modern programming language developed by Microsoft in the early 2000s
  • Consequently, it can build a wide range of applications, from desktop software to web and mobile apps
  • Given the ubiquity of Microsoft Windows across India, C# is among the top programming languages 2024 in India
  • It is common to use the language to develop desktop apps for Windows, ranging from productivity software to utilities and games

ALSO READ: Which Coding Language Should You Learn? Check This List Before You Start!

Highest Paying Tech JobsFrequently Asked Questions

1. Which Programming Languages Should I Learn to Future-Proof My Career?

There are several languages that are in high demand, but the choice of language should align with your career goals and interests. One must remember that technology evolves continuously, so it’s essential to have clarity and continue learning throughout your career.

2. Are There Any New Programming Languages Emerging in 2024?

As we have mentioned, there are hundreds of languages out there. Moreover, new languages are being developed, given the iterative nature of technology. A few new languages, like Pony, PureScript, Dart, etc., are gaining traction in 2024.

3. How Do Programming Language Preferences Change Over Time?

As noted earlier, the digital landscape is constantly in flux. It is important to realize that a combination of technological advancements, industry trends, developer needs, and changes in the business landscape impact programming language preferences.

4. Are There Any Particular Programming Languages That the Indian Tech Industry is Investing in for the Future?

JavaScript, Python, and Java dominate the Indian tech industry, but investments vary from company to company based on industry trends and specific use cases.

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Learn Coding With Emeritus

A brief peek into the top programming languages 2024 tells you that programming language knowledge is a coveted skill in today’s tech-dependent world. Furthermore, companies are always on the lookout for programmers. Consequently, it’s evident that coding is a valuable skill that propels your career in a tech-driven world. To this end, Emeritus offers a variety of online courses that can bridge the gap between you and a lucrative job. So, what are you waiting for? Go on and enroll today!

Write to us at content@emeritus.org

About the Author

Content Writer, Emeritus Blog
Sanmit is unraveling the mysteries of Literature and Gender Studies by day and creating digital content for startups by night. With accolades and publications that span continents, he's the reliable literary guide you want on your team. When he's not weaving words, you'll find him lost in the realms of music, cinema, and the boundless world of books.
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