Which Coding Language Should You Learn? Check This List Before You Start!

Which Coding Language Should You Learn? Check This List Before You Start! | Information Technology | Emeritus

Information Technology (IT) continues to be one of the most trending career paths in 2022, according to a recent report by Forbes. While IT is a huge umbrella term, the trendiest and most sought-after fields within would be – software development, testing, cybersecurity, and data science. Wondering what all these paths have in common? Yes, it is coding. So, if you are considering diving into this industry then you must read this article before getting started. Eventually, it will help you not only learn more about the pros and cons of coding but also answer the pressing question, “What coding language should I learn?”

What Coding Language Should I Learn First?

Picking the right programming language when you are just starting is not easy. However, you need to understand what sets each coding language apart. And most importantly, you must see what will help your career flourish. Therefore, the first coding language you learn is your first exposure to the world of IT and programming. It has the power to help you fall in or out of love with the entire space!

Is it Possible to Choose the Wrong Programming Language First?

Yes! Most often people choose a programming language based on their nascent understanding. Friends, colleagues, word-of-mouth, advertisements, pop culture, budget, influencers, and a whole lot of other factors can impact the choice you make. But remember, if you pick a programming language that is too easy, you might not learn enough concepts and won’t be useful in the long run. But, if you pick something that is extremely challenging, you might not perform well and this might lead to disinterest! Finding that sweet spot is vital. But how do you get started? The internet has way too much information. And so do the people around you. But, Emeritus is here to help you make an informed decision. 

The Most Common Coding Languages

As per StackFlow’s 2021 survey, Javascript has been voted the most popular programming language. This was closely followed by HTML, CSS, SQL, and Python. Clojure was the highest-paying programming language with an average annual salary of INR 23 Lakhs followed by JavaScript with INR 4.2 Lakhs. Moving on, in this blog, we will discuss the five most popular programming languages: Python, C#, Java, Javascript, and Ruby. 

Benefits of Learning Python

Python is one of the most chosen programming languages to learn first for its wide use and simplicity. Moreover, it is a great stepping stone to learning more complex programming languages and frameworks! 

So, here are the benefits of learning python:

  • Across industries, developers rely on Python for automation, big data, and data mining. It is ideal for general-purpose applications.
  • It is used to develop prototypes. Python is simple, easy to read and work with, and most importantly very versatile. 
  • Python is ideally suited for large development projects, first-time developers, and multi-programmers. 
  • The average yearly income for a Python Developer in India is 4.2 Lakhs, with salaries ranging from 1.9 Lakhs to 9.3 Lakhs.

Benefits of Learning C#

C# is often regarded as one of the most versatile programming languages ideal to build robust applications across the ecosystem. Moreover, it is object-oriented and the learning curve is not steep, making it perfect for beginners. 

  • C# is very versatile and allows engineers to build applications that run in the .NET ecosystem
  • Engineers who are well versed in C and C++ can easily master C#, they do not need any special training
  • C# is a natural fit for building dynamic websites and applications. As it is object-oriented websites built using C# are easily scalable and very efficient
  • According to Payscale, C# developers make a median wage of INR 403,287 every year in India. 

Benefits of Learning Java

There are four main reasons for Java’s growing popularity: Robustness, ease of use, cross-platform capabilities, and security features. Therefore, here are the biggest benefits of learning Java:

  • It is object-oriented and allows users to create modular programs with its reusable code
  • Moving from one computer to another is easy because Java is not platform-dependent. It is not only independent at source but also at binary levels.
  • Java is one of the easiest programming languages to write, compile, debug, and learn. 
  • According to Payscale, the average salary of a Java developer in India is INR 4,99,173.

Benefits of Learning Javascript

The biggest concern that most developers have is the number of languages they need to learn. One for frontend, one for backend, one for mobile apps, and a whole other one for game development. Needless to say, it is extremely difficult and time-consuming. What is the solution to this? What Coding Language Should I Learn to Solve All These problems? The answer is.. Javascript! 

So, what are the benefits of learning Javascript:

  • Gone are the days when Javascript was only used for basic website development. It is now an integral part of websites and applications, nearly 95% of them
  • It is the default language of the internet. Therefore, you can run and test your code in the browser. There is no need to create a special development environment or any kind of setup in a text editor. 
  • Versatile and is used in big data, cloud development, frontend, backend, blockchain, machine learning, AI, automation, and a whole lot more!
  • In India, JavaScript developers earn an average yearly salary of INR 4,20,000, as per AmbitionBox.

Benefits of Learning Ruby

Though not as popular as it once was, Ruby is still one of the most popular and widely used programming languages. It is especially popular among beginners. On the other hand, Large enterprises like GitHub and Airbnb are also continuously using Ruby on Rails across a range of projects. 

Here are the benefits of learning Ruby:

  • Ruby on rails is the most popular version. However, Ruby is not only Rails. It is continuously evolving. There is a lightweight solution now called Sinatra
  • To keep up with the times, frameworks offering different approaches like Hanami, and even frameworks for event sourcing are growing in popularity.
  • Ruby’s objective is to be reliable, consistent, and mature. Beginners and professionals alike use this language because of its well-established set of practices.
  • According to Payscale, the average annual pay for a Ruby Programmer in India is INR 6,09,509.

What Coding Language Should I Learn?

We have to consider multiple factors before concluding on one answer. You need to first analyze your requirements, why you are trying to learn a programming language, and what you wish to achieve. Once that is clear you can begin to learn about all coding languages or consider starting with one of the more popular languages below. 

  • If you are a beginner and looking for something easy and widely used: Python
  • Looking for a strong foundation to make you a master developer in the future: C, C++, C#
  • Are you looking for a developer job or want to make mobile applications using a robust language: Java
  • Want to try front-end development but also want the language to be versatile for backend, mobile applications, and game development: Javascript
  • Are you programming for your startup’s website and looking for a reliable programming language that has consistent processes: Ruby

We cannot ignore the impact of digitization on organizations. This is the case across countries, industries, and functions. However, after 2020 and the global pandemic, organizations are looking to hire skilled developers to leverage the power of technology for continued business relevance and profitability. But is knowing a programming language enough to succeed as a developer? The short answer is NO. 

Companies are looking for empathetic developers who have a good understanding of consumer needs. User-experience-led software design is critical now more than ever. Companies are redesigning customer-facing products and services. If you wish to become one such developer who delivers value, agility, and flexibility to an organization’s infrastructure then check out Emeritus’ training programmes. Choose from a wide range of online courses from the world’s best universities and become a star developer. 

About the Author

Content Writer, Emeritus Blog
Sritoma's tryst with education started during her early years as a teacher. Drawing from her teaching experience, Sritoma understands how students learn and educators teach, which helps her create content for edtech. With an extensive experience in content creation over 6+ years, she has an innate ability to research and convert complex information into reader-friendly content. Sritoma is a creative soul, and during her free hours, she loves turning blank canvases into captivating works of art.
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