Top 25 Python Projects, Their Functions, and Libraries to Learn From

Top 25 Python Projects, Their Functions, and Libraries to Learn From | Cybersecurity | Emeritus

The India Skills Report 2023 reveals that digital literacy is one of the most crucial skills in an evolving job landscape. Among these, the report states Python coding skills that facilitate the development of projects to solve complex problems. Professionals with Python skills are proving to be a valuable asset for companies. Needless to say, this has resulted in many professionals focusing on mastering the language.  Researching Python project topics and working on Python project ideas is an excellent way to learn its functions and modules. Here’s a list of 25 Python project ideas for beginners and Python projects for final-year students. This will help them master programming and Information Technology (IT) skills.

This blog discusses the following Python project ideas:

  1. eCommerce Website
  2. Plagiarism Checker
  3. Productivity Tool
  4. Live Chatbot
  5. Fake News Detector
  6. Speech-to-Text Application 
  7. Language Translator App
  8. CAPTCHA Generator
  9. Surveillance System
  10. Risk Assessment Tool
  11. Password Generator
  12. Phone Locator
  13. Expense Tracker App
  14. Contract Management System
  15. Stock Price Prediction Application
  16. Predictive Maintenance System
  17. Real-Time Data Analysis System
  18. Augmented Reality (AR) Application
  19. Sentiment Analysis Model
  20. E-Learning System
  21. Air Quality Monitoring System
  22. Web Crawler
  23. Adventure Video Game
  24. Image Resizing Application
  25. Credit Card Fraud Detection

Python Project Ideas for Beginners

  1. eCommerce Website

This is one of the most popular and interesting projects to learn Python fundamentals. You can use Django, a Python framework, to build a Business to Business (B2B) or Business to Consumer (B2C) eCommerce website. Like other websites, this project also allows users to view products on the website without signing up. However, if they want to purchase a product or add an item to the wishlist, they must sign up. You can build both front-end (client-side) and back-end (administration-side) of the website with the following modules:

  • Coding (HTML, CSS3, JavaScript (JS), Bootstrap)
  • Seller
  • Customer
  • Management
  • Delivery

You can develop an eCommerce website by following the below-given steps:

  • Build a virtual environment
  • Create an app
  • Develop different models like customer, other, checkout, and delivery tracking
  • Create an admin
  • Develop views for different models

ALSO READ: Which Coding Language Should You Learn? Check This List Before You Start!

  1. Plagiarism Checker

A plagiarism checker tool is another one of those Python project ideas you can execute with basic Python knowledge. It, in essence, allows users to detect whether a piece of content has been copied directly from online sources. This project also includes a paraphrasing tool that allows users to remove plagiarism from their content. The software requirements for this project are:

  • Anaconda, a virtual environment manager
  • Django, node.js-Tools and frameworks
  • Django Model Architecture and API Call
  • Code Execution API
  1. Productivity Tool

Managing distractions and boosting productivity are the two biggest challenges in the digital age. This makes it necessary for professionals to use various productivity tools and strategies. A simple to-do list application using Tkinter—a Python library, that is used to build graphical user-interface applications, helps you plan your day and stay productive. This Python project idea includes the following steps: 

  • Importing the Tkinter module and defining essential functions to execute the application 
  • Creating a window to add widgets
  • Creating a frame
  • Adding ListBox and other features 
  • Defining the to-do list functions

The app, as a matter of fact, comprises the following features:

  • A ListBox to add various tasks
  • Scrollbars to allow optimum white space
  • A frame to add widgets, including a ListBox and scrollbars
  • Button widgets to add or delete tasks from ListBox
  • An entry box for typing the task
  1. Live Chatbot

Customer-centricity is one of the most popular marketing trends in the digital age. Hence, businesses are using live chatbots to provide real-time customer support. Building live chatbots is one of the best Python project ideas for beginners. This project uses Python’s ChatterBot. It is an open-source library that integrates text and speech recognition and processing, machine learning algorithms, and data storage. It includes the following steps:

  • Setting up a virtual environment and installing ChatterBot and Pytz
  • Creating a Python file, ‘’ and adding the source code to execute the chatbot
  • Training the chatbot with the help of ListTrainer, a ChatterBot function using data samples

ALSO READ: Is Coding a Good Career and Will It Stay Relevant in the Future?

  1. Fake News Detector

Mass consumption of fake news is one of the biggest drawbacks of social media. However, Python project ideas like a fake news detector can help prevent the spreading of false information. It is, therefore, one of the excellent Python project topics to learn programming language fundamentals. Here’s how the project works:

  • Use  Python 3.x, Pandas – 1.2.4, Scikit-learn – 0.24.2, spaCy, Streamlit, and Matplotlib Python libraries
  • Import a sample dataset for training purposes
  • Clean the data to allow the system to read it
  • Develop a web application

ALSO READ: R, Tableau, Python: A Comparative and Competitive Analysis

  1. Speech-to-Text Application 

Speech-to-text applications have gained immense popularity across various industries, including automotive, technology, education, and sales. It automatically records meeting discussions, eliminating the need to take live notes. Moreover, it boosts productivity by allowing users to automatically type emails or notes by giving voice commands. This project is built using Python’s SpeechRecognition library.

  1. Language Translator App

Another interesting speech and communication Python project for beginners is a language translator app. It uses Python’s Google Trans API and speech_recognition library and functions such as Recognizer(), Translator(), and listen(). Here’s how the app ought to work:

  • Initially, the system enables a microphone to capture and recognize speech using the listen ()
  • The voice is then stored in the form of a variable and later converted into text
  • Next, Google translator converts the text into another language
  • Finally, the output is converted back into speech form
  1. CAPTCHA Generator

Completely Automated Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart (CAPTCHA) is a tool that allows websites and online applications to determine whether the user is a human or bot. It prevents spammers from inserting malicious code into web pages. Here is how you can build an image or text CAPTCHA generator using Python:

  • First, install the CAPTCHA Python library
  • Next, you have to use a code to generate an Imagecaptcha object and subsequently use the generate function to create a captcha for the given data
  • Third, you have to save the CAPTCHA image using the Python function
  • Last but not least, add a random text that you need as the CAPTCHA and execute the code
  1. Surveillance System

If you want to learn the basics of the Python programming language and Raspberry Pi computing system, a surveillance system is one of the best Python project ideas to work on. This project, therefore, requires a digital camera for image detection and capturing. Once the image is captured, the system uses Python’s image processing tools to process image frames. Moreover, it also uses an object detection algorithm to compare the frames in real-time, thus enabling a low-cost surveillance system.

  1. Risk Assessment Tool

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are transforming the finance sector by automating banking tasks and customer services. They detect fraudulent activities and automate risk assessment processes. A finance risk assessment tool can be easily built using Python and predictive modeling frameworks. An SQL query is run to extract vast amounts of data from the database in a CSV file using Python. This basically helps prepare the data for training ML algorithms like train-test split, cross-validation, and the TPOT framework. Again, after training, you have to use Python and Jupyter Notebook to calculate the execution time of each algorithm.

ALSO READ: Important Python Functions, Modules, and Libraries for Data Science 

  1. Password Generator

Cybercrimes and data leaks are a significant threat in the digital age.  One of the best ways to curb this threat is to generate strong passwords that hackers cannot decode. You can use Python to build a random password generator tool and secure your personal information. In fact, this project will help you learn string data structure, list data structure, and loop concepts in Python. It uses two main modules: Random, a built-in module in Python that generates random characters, numbers, and alphabets for the password, and Tkinter, which helps implement the graphical user interface smoothly.

  1. Phone Locator

A mobile location tracking app is undoubtedly one of the simplest yet most interesting Python project ideas. It is perfect for learners who like to build daily usage apps. It is designed to track the real-time location of a mobile using a phone number in case it gets lost. The following are the steps needed to build this app:

  • First, install Python on your computer
  • Next, collect Google’s Geocoder API key
  • Finally, when the key is generated, run a Python program that imports phone numbers. They  provide the accurate location of the mobile on Google maps
  1. Expense Tracker App

Budgeting is primarily a core financial planning skill. One of its sub-skills is accurate expense tracking; it allows people to analyze and cut down their expenses. However, countless online transactions have made it difficult to track expenses accurately. Hence, an expense tracker app is one of the best Python project ideas today.  It can help you achieve your financial goals and teach you the fundamentals of programming. It requires the following four modules:

  • Tkinter to design the graphical user interface for the application
  • Tkcalendar to build a drop-down calendar
  • SQLite to connect the Python script to the SQL database
  • And finally, a DateTime module

ALSO READ: 5 Top Use Cases to Understand What is Python If-Else Statement

Expert Python Project Ideas

The following are some expert Python projects for final-year students:

  1. Smart Contract System

Smart contracts, used mainly for trading and investing, refer to agreements or codes automatically executed when the prerequisites are met. Writing smart contracts with Python requires knowledge of Boa,’ a Python compiler, and Python 3.7 or a later framework. Moreover, you can check GitHub’s repository for building a smart contract system using Python here.

  1. Stock Price Prediction Application

Even though there are multiple trading and investment apps, navigating the stock market can be daunting, especially due to its unpredictable nature. However, a stock price prediction application built using Python can help predict stock prices. The following are the main components of this project:

  • Training and test datasets
  • Streamline, a Python framework for developing custom ML web apps
  • Windows or Linux Operating System
  • Jupyter Notebook
  • Matplotlib Python library for visualization
  • HTTP web server
  • Intel i5 or higher processor
  • And finally, at least 225 MB of RAM

You can view the source code for this project on GitHub.

ALSO READ: Top 18 Python Pattern Programs

  1. Predictive Maintenance System

A predictive maintenance system is crucial in preventing machine or software failure by detecting possible defects and alerting the users. It, in essence, helps prevent business losses or injuries caused due to machine failure. Thus, it is among the most relevant Python project ideas for various industries. You can build one using the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) models and GridDB.

  1. Real-Time Data Analysis System

Data is a vital asset in the world today. Hence, creating a real-time data analysis system is one of the most significant Python project ideas in today’s content. Some of the popular Python libraries that can be used for data analysis are:

  • NumPy (for numerical analysis)
  • Matplotlib (for data visualization and graphical plotting)
  • Scikit-learn (for data classification and clustering)
  1. Augmented Reality (AR) Application

AR is definitely one of the most fascinating technologies that allows users to experience computer-generated virtual content in the real world. You can develop an AR application using Python 3 and OpenCV 4.2. Here are the key steps required to develop an AR project:

  • Create a Python virtual environment
  • Activate the environment
  • Install requirements using the code ‘pip install -r requirements.txt’
  • Use Jupyter Notebook for images and OpenCV 4.2 for videos
  1. Medical Diagnosis System

Timely medical diagnosis plays a crucial role in disease management. Hence, building a low-cost medical diagnosis system is one of the most useful Python project topics. It helps you learn how to install and use Python libraries accordingly. This project uses the Python pickling approach to record ML models’ behavior.  It loads the pickled file into the memory using the unpickling approach. Pickling is essentially a process that allows serialization or deserialization of a Python object structure.

ALSO READ: Why is it Important to Learn Python in Data Science?

  1. E-Learning System

Remote or e-learning has been crucial in making education and upskilling accessible.  You can build a Python e-learning application that allows trainers to add recorded content that the learners can access. This project is primarily based on Django for developing a secure application. Moreover, you can view its source code on the GitHub repository.

  1. Air Quality Monitoring System

Air pollution is a significant health hazard in India. Hence, an air quality monitoring system is one of the best Python project ideas to determine the pollutant levels in the air before stepping out. This project uses the following hardware components:

  • DHT11/22 and MQ-135 sensors to measure the humidity and pollutant levels in the air
  • ESP8266 module to process and calculate the air quality index
  1. Web Crawler

It is a bot that compiles content from various web pages on a search engine. The web crawler acts as a content aggregator and allows users to gather data for competitive analysis or to summarize the content. Here is how one can develop a web crawler with Python:

  • First, install the Request and BeautifulSoup Modules library 
  • Next, install an isolated virtual environment—like the Scrapy framework
  • Import the Request module by using a particular URL
  • Once the program generates a response, use BeautifulSoap to extract links from the HTML content
  • Last but not least, continue the same process on the various links to visit different web pages 
  1. Adventure Video Game

Developing a video game can be  one of the most interesting yet challenging Python projects for final-year students. It can be built using the Python programming language and Pygame Zero, a software for integrating graphics and sound. Here is how you can develop it:

  • The first step is to create a file named ‘’
  • Next, create a game structure by defining rooms 
  • Build a function to handle user input
  • Finally, create a continuous loop that runs till the player finishes the game

ALSO READ: Which Python Courses are Best for You? A Comprehensive Guide to Help You Decide

  1. Sentiment Analysis Model

The dynamic marketing trends and intense competition require businesses to regularly gauge their customers’ or target audience’s opinion about their project. They can use various sentiment analysis techniques to analyze customers’ responses to various campaigns. This makes sentiment analysis models one of the best Python project ideas for today. You can create one by following these steps:

  • Data collection and preprocessing
  • Removal of STOP words like ‘am,’ ‘is,’ ‘but,’ and ‘are’ using the part-of-speech (POS) taggers because they have no sentiments attached to them
  • Sentiment classification using algorithms like Naïve Bayesian, Random Forest, and Logistic Regression

The hardware and software requirements for this project are

  • 8GB or higher RAM
  • Usable hard disk space of a minimum of 60GB
  • Intel Core i5/i7 processor
  • Python 3.x
  • Anaconda Distribution
  • NLTK Toolkit
  • UNIX/LINUX Operating System
  1. Credit Card Fraud Detection

Net banking and other online payment modes have made lives easier. But they have also increased the frequency of payment fraud. Therefore, an increasing demand for effective credit card fraud detection tools and technologies exists. It is also one of the best Python projects for final-year students. In essence, here is how it works:

  • A credit card dataset is prepared and pre-processed for uniformity
  • This data set is used to train the model by using Support Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest Classifier, and Decision Tree ML algorithms
  • The next step is to check the accuracy of all ML models used
  • Finally, the model with the highest accuracy is used as the prediction model and integrated into the front-end of the model

The hardware and software requirements for this project are:

  • 4GB or higher RAM
  • Intel i3 or above processor
  • A 500 GB hard disk
  • Windows or LINUX operating system
  • Python IDE: python 2.7.x and above
  • Jupyter Notebook
  • Python programming language

ALSO READ: An Expert’s Guide to Top 10 Programming Languages in India for 2024

To conclude, according to a 2021 Nasscom report, India’s demand-supply gap in tech talent was around 21%. Moreover, the report also suggested a demand for continuous reskilling in the tech industry. In fact, around 70% of the digital talent workforce has been built through reskilling. Thus, the report indicates the need to constantly upskill and learn the latest trends to be a part of the leading IT workforce in the country. If you are wondering where to begin, Emeritus has got you covered. Explore online information technology courses and advance your IT career today.

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About the Author

Content Writer, Emeritus Blog
Sneha is a content marketing professional with over four years of experience in helping brands achieve their marketing goals. She crafts research-based, engaging content, making sure to showcase a bit of her creative side in every piece she writes. Sneha spends most of her time writing, reading, or drinking coffee. You will often find her practicing headstands or inversions to clear her mind.
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